American La France Fire Truck (1922)
The American La France Company was officially formed in 1903 and built steam powered hose and chemical cars. ALF produced their first gasoline powered pumpers in 1910 and built several other types of fire-fighting vehicles. By the 1920s American La France became perhaps the largest manufacturer of fire-fighting apparatus in the industry, and continue to produce fire-fighting vehicles to this day.
Austin Seven (1930)
Introduced in 1922 the Austin Seven not only saved the Austin company from going out of business, but also revolutionized British motoring. Its diminutive size made it unique and by 1927 approximately 20,000 were produced each year, continuing through the late 1930s. The Austin was built under license all around the world including France, Germany, Japan and the U.S.A.
Baker Electric (1911)
Cleveland, Ohio U.S.A. Women favored electric automobiles because they did not require cranking and had no exhaust fumes. Electrics could travel up to 20 MPH and had a range of 20 to 50 miles on one charging of the batteries. Several manufacturers produced electric vehicles including Riker, Woods, Detroit Electric, Columbia and of course, Baker. From 1910 to 1915 the popularity of the electric car peaked and shortly thereafter gasoline powered vehicles took their place. Electric cars were expensive costing between $2,550 and $3,000 in 1914. For more information on our Baker Electric, please visit bakerelectric.wordpress.com.
Brewster Brougham (1913)
Long Island City, NY U.S.A. Brewster and Company built custom car bodies in a variety of models for the wealthy who preferred smaller luxury vehicles than those already on the market. Rolls Royce of America eventually absorbed Brewster, and the Brewster line was discontinued in 1925. In 1934 the Brewster name was brought back to life when 300 Brewster bodies mounted on standard available chassis (Ford, Buick etc.) were constructed. These automobiles sold for $3,500.
Brush Runabout (1908)
Alanson P. Brush set up the Brush Runabout Company in 1907 after designing the very first Cadillac. The Brush was a typical lightweight, inexpensive auto and was fitted with a single-cylinder 6 HP motor. Selling price was $500. In 1910 a 10 HP version was offered. Interestingly the Brush used wooden axles that proved their strength when Francis Birtles became the first to cross the continent of Australia from west to east using a Brush in 1912.
Buick Touring Car (1920)
Flint, Michigan U.S.A. David Buick started the Buick Motor Car Company in Detroit in 1903. The first design was comparatively similar to conventional automobiles of the time. In 1909 a Buick driven by Bob Burman won the first race held at Indianapolis Motor Speedway and sales were boosted to over 30,000 autos by the following year. During 1916 nearly 126,000 Buicks were sold and by the end of the First World War Buick was fourth in automobile sales overall, just behind Ford, Dodge and Chevrolet. All of these makes were priced far cheaper than Buick.
Cleveland Speedster (1922)
Cleveland, Ohio U.S.A. Built as a small copy of the popular Chandler motor car, the Cleveland was a slightly more affordable version. It had a 6-cylinder valve-in-head engine and could be purchased for $1,490 to $1,990 as opposed to the Chandler which cost between $1,595 and $2,395.
Columbia Ambulance (1917)
The Columbia Automobile Company built a wide variety of cars including runabouts, surreys, tonneaus, cabriolets, broghams, delivery wagons police patrols and ambulances. They produced both gas and electric powered vehicles and had offices in New York City, Boston and Chicago.
Excelsior Motorbike (1913)
Chicago, Illinois U.S.A. The Excelsior Supply and Manufacturing Company was the biggest factory to produce Excelsior motorcycles and was part of the well-known Schwinn Bicycle Company. Excelsiors were produced in the U.S.A. from 1908 through 1931 when Ignaz Schwinn decided to discontinue manufacture of motorcylces. This motorcycle was donated by Paul Richards of Poughkeepsie, New York.
Ford Model T Touring Car (1914)
Early on, the Model T was only available in grey, green, blue and red. Henry Ford’s famous quote that customers can have a car painted any color “so long as it is black” was first applied to the 1914 models, and was reportedly due to the durability and low cost of black paint.